The intake of cheese which carry probiotic bacteria can help enhance the immune system of the elderly, indicated by a special study, from Wiley - Blackwell. Researchers conducted a study involved volunteers aged between 72 and 103 who lived in the same care home. Researchers found that participants supplemented with cheese had a clear enhancement of natural and acquired immunity than the elderly on a non-supplemented diet, which is through the activation of NK blood cells and an increase in phagocytic activity. If these findings are confirmed by further studies, which strongly suggest a role for the regular intake of probiotic cheese as a potential treatment for boosting the immune system. According to the researchers.
The study have been published in the FEMS Immunology & Medical Microbiology.
"The increase in the proportion of aged individuals in modern society makes finding innovative ways to thwart the deterioration of the immune system a priority," said lead author Dr Fandi Ibrahim from the University of Turku in Finland. "The intake of probiotic bacteria has been reported to enhance the immune response through other products and now we have discovered that cheese can be a carrier of the same bacteria."
Dr Ibrahim's team believe that the daily intake of probiotic cheese can tackle the age-related deterioration of the immune system known as immunosenescence. This deterioration means the body is unable to kill tumour cells and reduces the immune response to vaccinations and infections. Infectious diseases, chronic inflammation disorders and cancer are hallmarks of immunosenescence.
To tackle immunosenescence the team targeted the gastrointestinal tract, which is the main entry for bacteria cells into the body through food and drink and is also the site where 70% of vital immunoglobulin cells are created.
The team asked volunteers aged between 72 and 103, all of which lived in the same care home, to eat one slice of either placebo or probiotic Gouda cheese with their breakfast for four weeks. Blood tests where then carried out to discover the effect of probiotic bacteria contained within the cheese on the immune system.
The results revealed a clear enhancement of natural and acquired immunity through the activation of NK blood cells and an increase in phagocytic activity.
"The aim of our study was to see if specific probiotic bacteria in cheese would have immune-enhancing effects on healthy older individuals in a nursing home setting," concluded Ibrahim. "We have demonstrated that the regular intake of probiotic cheese can help to boost the immune system and that including it in a regular diet may help to improve an elderly person's immune response to external challenges.
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Original title：Cheese -- acting as 'carrier' for probiotic bacteria -- found to improve immune response of elderly